Colorectal cancer is a common form of cancer that affects the colon and rectum. Surgery is often the primary treatment for this type of cancer, and it can be a complex and challenging procedure.
One of the most interesting aspects of surgery for colorectal cancer is the variety of techniques and approaches that can be used to remove the tumor. Surgeons may use open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, or robotic surgery, depending on the location and stage of the cancer and the patient’s overall health.
Another fascinating aspect of colorectal cancer surgery as explained by Dr. Dhaval Mngukiya, one of the best colorectal cancer surgeon in Surat is the use of neoadjuvant therapy, which is chemotherapy or radiation therapy given before surgery. This approach can shrink the tumor and make it easier to remove, increasing the chances of a successful outcome.
Additionally, advancements in surgical technology and techniques have led to better outcomes for patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. For example, the use of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols can help patients recover more quickly and with fewer complications.
Overall, surgery for colorectal cancer is a complex and rapidly evolving field, with many interesting and exciting developments. In this blog, we will explore the latest research and insights on this important topic.
Surgery options for Colorectal Cancer
Surgical options are an important part of the treatment of colorectal cancer, and may include the following:
- Local excision: For early-stage cancers that have not spread beyond the inner lining of the colon or rectum, a local excision may be performed. This involves removing the cancerous tissue along with a small margin of surrounding healthy tissue.
- Colectomy: A colectomy involves removing part or all of the colon, depending on the extent and location of the cancer. The remaining sections of the colon may then be reconnected or diverted to an external bag (ostomy).
- Rectal resection: A rectal resection involves removing part or all of the rectum, depending on the extent and location of the cancer. The remaining sections of the rectum may then be reconnected or diverted to an external bag (ostomy).
- Lymph node removal: In some cases, nearby lymph nodes may also be removed to check for the presence of cancer cells and to help prevent the cancer from spreading.
- Minimally invasive surgery: Minimally invasive surgery techniques such as laparoscopic or robotic surgery may also be used to perform colectomies or rectal resections, which can result in shorter hospital stays, faster recovery times, and reduced scarring.
The choice of surgical option depends on several factors, including the stage and location of the cancer, the patient’s overall health and medical history, and the colorectal cancer surgeon’s expertise and experience. In some cases, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be used in combination with surgery to help shrink the cancer and improve the chances of a successful outcome.
Before Surgery: Before surgery for colorectal cancer, the patient will typically undergo several diagnostic tests, such as a colonoscopy, CT scan, or MRI, to determine the location and extent of the cancer. The patient may also need to undergo certain preparations, such as fasting or bowel cleansing, in order to ensure that the colon or rectum is free of any stool or debris that could interfere with the surgery. Additionally, the patient may need to adjust their medication regimen or make certain lifestyle changes in the weeks leading up to the surgery.
During Surgery: During surgery for colorectal cancer, the patient will typically receive general anesthesia and be asleep throughout the procedure. The surgeon will make an incision in the abdomen and remove part or all of the colon or rectum, depending on the location and extent of the cancer. Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed to check for the presence of cancer cells. The remaining sections of the colon or rectum may then be reconnected or diverted to an external bag (ostomy). The surgery may take several hours, depending on the complexity of the procedure.
After Surgery: After surgery for colorectal cancer, the patient will typically spend several days in the hospital for monitoring and recovery. Pain management medications and antibiotics may be prescribed to help manage pain and prevent infection. The patient may also need to use an ostomy bag temporarily or permanently, depending on the extent of the surgery. Once the patient is discharged from the hospital, they will need to follow a specific post-operative care plan, which may include medication regimens, dietary restrictions, and lifestyle modifications, as well as regular follow-up appointments with their surgeon to monitor their progress and screen for any potential complications or recurrence of the cancer.
What to expect after colorectal cancer surgery?
After colorectal cancer surgery, the patient may experience several physical and emotional changes as they recover and adjust to life after the surgery. Some common expectations after colorectal cancer surgery include:
- Pain and discomfort
- Changes in bowel function
- Changes in diet
- Emotional changes
- Follow-up care
We advise you to consult the Best colon cancer surgeon in Surat to thoroughly evaluate your condition and a step-by-step road to recovery.
What happens during colorectal surgery?
During colorectal surgery, the surgeon will remove part or all of the colon or rectum, depending on the location and extent of the cancer. The surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, so the patient is asleep throughout the procedure. The specific details of the surgery may vary depending on the location and extent of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health and individual circumstances.
What should I do before colon cancer surgery?
Before colon cancer surgery, there are several steps you can take to prepare yourself physically and mentally for the procedure. Here are some things you can do:
Talk to your colon cancer specialist in Surat about the surgery and what to expect before, during, and after the procedure. Make sure you understand the risks, benefits, and potential complications of the surgery, and ask any questions you may have and follow any pre-surgery instructions.
How many hours does colon cancer surgery take?
The duration of colon cancer surgery can vary depending on several factors, such as the extent and location of the cancer, the type of surgery being performed, and the patient’s individual circumstances. Minimally invasive surgeries, such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgery, may take less time than traditional open surgery, but this can also depend on the individual case. The surgeon will provide an estimated surgery time before the procedure and will be able to give more accurate information after the surgery has been completed. It is important to remember that the duration of the surgery should not be the primary concern, as the most important aspect of the surgery is ensuring that all cancerous tissue is removed and that the procedure is performed safely and effectively by the best gastro surgeon in Surat.