Small Bowel

The small bowel, also known as the small intestine, is a vital component of the digestive system. It plays a crucial role in the absorption of nutrients from the food we consume. The small bowel is susceptible to various ailments and conditions that can affect its function and overall digestive health. Gastrointestinal surgeons are medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of these disorders. Some of the most common stomach ailments that are treated by gastro surgeons in Surat are mentioned here, shedding light on their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Small Bowel Obstruction:

Small bowel obstruction occurs when there is a blockage in the small intestine, preventing the passage of digested food and fluids. This condition can result from various causes, including adhesions (scar tissue), hernias, tumours, or inflammatory bowel diseases. Common symptoms of small bowel obstruction include abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and inability to pass gas. Gastrointestinal surgeons in Surat may employ different approaches to treat small bowel obstruction, ranging from conservative management with bowel rest and medication to surgical intervention to remove the obstruction.

Small Bowel Perforation:

Small bowel perforation refers to a hole or rupture in the wall of the small intestine. It can occur due to factors such as trauma, ulcers, infections, or underlying bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease. When the bowel perforates, it can lead to a serious condition called peritonitis, which is an inflammation of the abdominal cavity. Symptoms of small bowel perforation include severe abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and a rigid abdomen. Surgical intervention by a colon cancer surgeon in Surat is often required to repair the perforation, remove any infected tissue, and prevent further complications.

Gastrointestinal Bleeding:

Gastrointestinal bleeding in the small bowel can result from various sources, such as ulcers, tumors, or vascular abnormalities. It may present as dark or bright red blood in the stool, or in severe cases, as a medical emergency with significant blood loss. Gastrointestinal surgeons employ diagnostic techniques such as endoscopy, capsule endoscopy, or angiography to identify the source of bleeding. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of bleeding and may include endoscopic therapy, embolization, or surgical intervention.

Small Bowel Tumours:

Tumours can develop in the small bowel, either benign or malignant. Small bowel tumours are relatively rare but can cause significant digestive disturbances. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, anaemia, changes in bowel habits, and abdominal masses. Gastrointestinal surgeons may perform surgical resection of the tumour, removing the affected portion of the small bowel and nearby lymph nodes. Colorectal cancer surgeons in Surat often suggest additional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be recommended based on the nature and stage of the tumour.

5. Malabsorption Disorders:

Malabsorption disorders refer to conditions in which the small bowel is unable to properly absorb nutrients from food. Examples include celiac disease, lactose intolerance, and certain pancreatic disorders. Symptoms may include diarrhoea, abdominal bloating, weight loss, and nutritional deficiencies. Gastrointestinal surgeons in Surat may work in conjunction with other specialists, such as gastroenterologists and dietitians, to manage and treat malabsorption disorders through dietary modifications, medication, and in some cases, surgical intervention.

Various stomach ailments can affect the small bowel, ranging from obstructions and perforations to bleeding and tumours. Gastrointestinal surgeons play a pivotal role in diagnosing and treating these conditions, employing a combination of medical management and surgical intervention when necessary. If you are experiencing symptoms related to your small bowel, it is essential to consult with a gastro surgeon in Surat for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan to ensure optimal digestive health.