Liver Surgeon in Surat

The liver is one of the important and largest organs in the human anatomy (Body) and is essential to the proper functioning of our complete body. The liver synthesizes proteins, bile, acids, and cholesterol. It is the Primary organ which maintains balance of many nutrients and chemicals like glucose, fat, cholesterol, vitamins, and hormones and aids in the excretion of many waste products such as bilirubin, cholesterol, poison, and drugs. Liver disease is thus a serious condition that can be cured if it is cared for in the early stages. Read and know in brief about the disease and basics of Liver Surgeon in Surat.

Liver Damage

Excessive alcohol consumption over many years is a leading cause of liver disease. Too much alcohol can make a normal liver swell with fat, causing a condition called fatty liver. If the fat becomes inflamed, it can lead to either alcoholic hepatitis, a liver problem that causes serious but often reversible liver damage. Exposure to Industrial Chemicals, Toxin Substance, Aerosols and Excess Intake of NSAIDs (Pain Killer) can also Harm your liver proper Functioning. Viral hepatitis can lead to serious liver problems and is the most common type of liver disease. Hepatitis causes inflammation of the liver. The three types of hepatitis viruses – hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C – can all be prevented.

Symptoms & Diagnosis

There are five stages for any malfunction of liver such as inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and cancer. 

 1. Infection

The liver can get inflamed due to certain conditions, use of alcohol and certain chemicals. The conditions that can cause liver inflammation are Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Autoimmune Hepatitis, and Wilson’s disease. Extensive alcohol use also causes inflammation of the liver. Some drugs and industrial pollutants may affect the liver. Inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling, heat and possible pain in the liver. The second stage of liver disease is fibrosis or scar tissues. After the liver has been inflamed for a long period, connective tissues of the liver accumulate. At this stage the liver functions slowly degrade.

 2. Benign Tumour of Liver 

A tumour (also called neoplasm) is the abnormal growth of cells and/or tissues. Tumors are either benign or malignant, and are unregulated by the natural control mechanisms of the body.

Types of Benign Liver Tumors

Haemangiomas

Haemangiomas are the most common type of benign liver tumour. They start in blood vessels. Because most of these tumors do not cause symptoms, they do not need treatment. But some may bleed and need to be removed by surgery.

Hepatic Adenomas

Hepatic adenomas are benign tumors that start from the main type of liver cells. Most do not cause symptoms and do not need treatment. But if they cause stomach pain, a mass in the belly, or blood loss, they may need to be removed.

Focal Nodular Hyperplasia

Focal nodular hyperplasia, or FNH, is a tumour-like growth of several cell types. Although FNH tumors are benign, it can sometimes be hard to tell them apart from true liver cancers. If there are symptoms, the tumour can be removed.

Differences Between Benign and Malignant Tumors

Invasion and Metastasis

Malignant tumors are spread by metastasis and invasion while benign tumors cannot be spread by either metastasis or invasion. Metastasis (also called metastatic disease or mets) is the ability of cancerous cells to spill, leak or break away from their site of origin (pancreas, prostate, kidney, breast, lung or colon), or primary tumour, and enter the blood and lymphatic vessels. These cancerous cells are deposited within healthy tissues of the body, where they multiply and grow–affecting vital organs. Most malignant cancers are capable of metastasizing. Malignant tumors are also spread by invasion–the process in which cancerous cells invade the blood vessels. Benign tumors, on the other hand, grow locally at the site of the original tumour.

Benign Tumors Have Far Less Risk

Benign tumors are significantly less dangerous than malignant tumors. Benign tumors by themselves are not life threatening, but may result in complications if they press on vital body organs, such as the liver.

Treatment

Benign tumors are typically treated with surgery, and it is uncommon for the original tumour to reappear. Malignant tumors are primarily treated and managed by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, endoscopic procedures and surgery. Benign Tumors can sometimes grow large enough to cause problems, but most of the time they do not go into nearby tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. If they need to be treated, they can usually be cured by removing them during surgery.

 3. Cirrhosis

The third stage of liver disease is called cirrhosis. When the liver has been damaged due to inflammation and fibrosis, it does not function properly. Accumulation of scar tissues blocks blood flow through the liver, preventing it from functioning normally. Some of the symptoms of end stage cirrhosis are edema, bruising and bleeding, jaundice, gallstones, and an increase of toxins in the blood, enlarged blood vessels, and diabetes.

 4. Hydatid Cyst of Liver

A tapeworm infection that affects the liver, lungs, brain and other organs. Echinococcosis is spread by contact with animal faeces contaminated with tapeworm eggs. Sources include contaminated food, water and animal fur. Cysts containing tapeworm larvae may grow in the body for years before symptoms appear. When cysts become large, they may cause nausea, weakness, coughing and stomach or chest pain. Treatment may include surgery, removal of fluid from the cysts and medication. It’s spread through contaminated food or water.

Symptoms

Cysts containing tapeworm larvae may grow in the body for years before symptoms appear. When cysts become large, they may cause nausea, weakness, coughing and stomach or chest pain. People may experience pain areas in the abdomen or chest. Also common symptoms are coughing, nausea, shortness of breath, or weakness etc.

Treatment

Treatment may include surgery, removal of fluid from the cysts and medication.

  • Surgery:-

(i)  Hepatectomy – Surgical removal of all or part of the liver.

  • Medication:-

(i) Antiparasitic – Kill Parasites

  • Medical Procedure:-

(i) Cyst Removal – Using surgical instruments to remove a cyst.

 5. Cancer of Liver

If liver disease is not treated in the earlier three stages, cancer may develop. Liver cancer, or hepatocellular carcinoma, affects approximately 4% of patients with cirrhosis. Liver cancer is curable by surgery and its removal if done at the correct stage of disease. A liver transplant is one of the options for treating liver cancer. Early Stage Liver Diseases can be treated by taking preventive actions and Medications, Vaccine for Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B viruses are available. Moreover, patients should be property investigated to diagnose the disease at an early stage. Most of the time the disease is detected at an advanced stage and cure them is not possible. Dr Dhaval Mangukiya Liver Surgeon in Surat SIDS Hospital for his expert advice and solutions.

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