Hernia Surgery in Surat

What is Hernia?

A hernia is the abnormal exit of tissue or an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides. Hernias come in a number of types. Most commonly they involve the abdomen, specifically the groin. Groin Hernias are most commonly of the inguinal type but may also be femoral. Read and know in brief about hernia and basic of Hernia Surgery in Surat.

Most hernias aren’t immediately life-threatening, but they don’t go away on their own. They require surgery to prevent dangerous complications.

Hernia causes

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time.

Some common causes of muscle weakness or strain that can lead to a hernia include:

  • a congenital condition that occurs during development in the womb and is present from birth
  • aging
  • damage from an injury or surgery
  • chronic coughing or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
  • strenuous exercise or lifting heavy weights
  • pregnancy, especially having multiple pregnancies
  • constipation, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement
  • being overweight or obese
  • fluid in the abdomen, or ascites

There are also certain things that can increase your risk of developing a hernia. They include:

  • a personal or family history of hernias
  • being older
  • pregnancy
  • being overweight or obese
  • chronic constipation
  • chronic cough (likely due to the repetitive increase in abdominal pressure)
  • cystic fibrosis
  • smoking (leading to weakening of connective tissue)
  • being born prematurely or with a low birth weight

Symptoms of a hernia

A hernia in the abdomen or groin can produce a noticeable lump or bulge that can be pushed back in, or that can disappear when lying down. Laughing, crying, coughing, straining during a bowel movement, or physical activity may make the lump reappear after it has been pushed in. More symptoms of a hernia include:

  • Swelling or bulge in the groin or scrotum (the pouch that contains the testicles).
  • Increased pain at the site of the bulge.
  • Pain while lifting.
  • Increase in the bulge size over time.
  • A dull aching sensation.
  • A sense of feeling full or signs of bowel obstruction.

In the case of hiatal hernias there are no bulges on the outside of the body. Instead, symptoms may include heartburn, indigestion, difficulty swallowing, frequent regurgitation (bringing food back up) and chest pain.

Hernia types

There are several different types of hernias. Below, we’ll explore some of the most common ones.

Inguinal hernia

Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia. These occur when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal. This type is also more common in men.

The inguinal canal is found in your groin. In men, it’s the area where the spermatic cord passes from the abdomen to the scrotum. This cord holds up the testicles. In women, the inguinal canal contains a ligament that helps hold the uterus in place.

These hernias are more common in men because the testicles descend through the inguinal canal shortly after birth. The canal is supposed to close almost completely behind them. Sometimes the canal doesn’t close properly, leaving a weakened area. Explore more about inguinal hernias.

Hiatal hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach protrudes up through the diaphragm into your chest cavity. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that helps you breathe by contracting and drawing air into the lungs. It separates the organs in your abdomen from those in your chest.

This type of hernia is most common in people over 50 years old. If a child has the condition, it’s typically caused by a congenital birth defect.

Hiatal hernias almost always cause gastroesophageal reflux, which is when the stomach contents leak backward into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation. 

Umbilical hernia

Umbilical hernias can occur in children and babies. This happens when their intestines bulge through their abdominal wall near their belly button. You may notice a bulge in or near your child’s belly button, especially when they’re crying.

An umbilical hernia is the only kind that often goes away on its own as the abdominal wall muscles get stronger, typically by the time the child is 1 or 2 years old. If the hernia hasn’t gone away by 5 years of age, surgery can be used to correct it.

Adults can also have umbilical hernias. This can occur from repeated strain on the abdomen due to things like obesity, pregnancy, or fluid in the abdomen (ascites).

Ventral hernia

A ventral hernia happens when tissue bulges through an opening in the muscles of your abdomen. You may notice that the size of a ventral hernia reduces when you’re lying down.

Common factors in ventral hernia formation include things like obesity, strenuous activity, and pregnancy.

Ventral hernias can also happen at the site of a surgical incision. This is called an incisional hernia and can happen due to surgical scarring or weakness of the abdominal muscles at the surgical site. 

Hernia diagnosis

To diagnose your condition, your doctor will first perform a physical examination. During this examination, your doctor may feel for a bulge in your abdominal or groin area that gets larger when you stand, cough, or strain.

Your doctor will then take your medical history. They may ask you a variety of questions, including things like:

  • When did you first notice the bulge?
  • Have you experienced any other symptoms?
  • Do you think that there was something in particular that may have caused it to occur?
  • Tell me a little bit about your lifestyle. Does your occupation involve heavy lifting? Do you exercise rigorously? Do you have a history of smoking?
  • Do you have a personal or family history of hernias?
  • Have you had any surgeries in the area of your abdomen or groin?

Your doctor will also likely use imaging tests to aid in their diagnosis. These can include things like:

  • Abdominal ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the structures inside the body
  • CT scan, which combines X-rays with computer technology to produce an image
  • MRI scan, which uses a combination of strong magnets and radio waves to make an image

If a hiatal hernia is suspected, your doctor may use other tests that allow them to assess the internal location of your stomach:

  • Gastrografin or barium X-ray, which is a series of X-ray pictures of your digestive tract. The pictures are recorded after you’ve finished drinking a liquid containing diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium (Gastrographic) or a liquid barium solution. Both show up well on the X-ray images.
  • Endoscopy, which involves threading a small camera attached to a tube down your throat and into your esophagus and stomach.

Hernia treatment

The only way to effectively treat a hernia is through surgical repair. However, whether or not you need surgery depends on the size of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms.

It’s important to recognize the signs of a hernia and to see your doctor if you suspect that you have one. An untreated hernia won’t go away by itself. Your doctor can assess your hernia and determine how it can best be treated.

Early medical care and lifestyle changes can minimize symptoms. However, surgery is the only way to effectively treat a hernia. There are different types of surgeries available to repair hernias, and your surgeon can advise on which one is right for your condition.

The prognosis for hernia repair surgery is generally very good, but can depend on the nature of the hernia, your symptoms, and your overall health. In some cases, the hernia may recur following repair.

If you have a hiatal hernia, over-the-counter and prescription medications that reduce stomach acid can relieve your discomfort and improve symptoms. These include antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors.

Hernias can cause complications that are life-threatening if untreated.  It’s important that you seek emergency care if you experience symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, fever, or sudden pain.

Hernia surgery

If your hernia is growing larger or causing pain, your surgeon may decide it’s best to operate. They may repair your hernia by sewing the hole in the abdominal wall closed during surgery. This is commonly done by patching the hole with surgical mesh.

Hernias can be repaired with either open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the hernia using only a few small incisions. It’s also less damaging to the surrounding tissue.

During open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision close to the site of the hernia, and then pushes the bulging tissue back into the abdomen. They then sew the area shut, sometimes reinforcing it with surgical mesh. Finally, they close the incision.

Not all hernias are suitable for laparoscopic surgery. If your hernia requires an open surgical repair, your surgeon will work with you to determine which type of surgery is best for your condition. SIDS Hospital is performing most number of Hernia Surgery in Surat.

Recovery

After your surgery, you may experience pain around the surgical site. Your surgeon will prescribe medication to help ease this discomfort while you recover.

Be sure to carefully follow your surgeon’s instructions involving wound care. Contact them promptly if you notice any signs of infection such as fever, redness or drainage at the site, or pain that suddenly worsens.

Following your hernia repair you’ll need to avoid any strenuous activity. Additionally, you should avoid lifting objects heavier than 10 pounds during this period. This is approximately the weight of a gallon of milk.

Open surgery often requires a longer recovery process than laparoscopic surgery. Your surgeon will let you know when you can return to your normal routine. For hernia related Hernia Surgery in Surat one can visit at SIDS Hospital.

Hernia complications

Sometimes an untreated hernia can lead to potentially serious complications. Your hernia may grow and cause more symptoms. A portion of your intestine could also become trapped in the abdominal wall. This is called incarceration. Incarceration can obstruct your bowel and cause severe pain, nausea, or constipation. If the trapped section of your intestines doesn’t get enough blood flow, strangulation occurs. This can cause the intestinal tissue to become infected or die. A strangulated hernia is life-threatening and requires immediate medical care. Dr Dhaval Mangukiya with vast experience for Hernia Surgery in Surat available at SIDS Hospital for his expert advice and solutions.

Hernia prevention

You can’t always prevent a hernia from developing. Sometimes an existing inherited condition or previous surgery allows a hernia to occur. However, you can make some simple lifestyle adjustments to help you avoid getting a hernia. These steps aim to reduce the amount of strain you place on your body. We are most experienced in Hernia Surgery in Surat.

Here are a few general hernia prevention tips:

  • Maintain ideal body weight by eating a healthy diet and exercising.
  • Eat enough fruits, vegetables and whole grains to avoid constipation.
  • Use correct form when lifting weights or heavy objects. Avoid lifting anything that is beyond your ability.
  • See a doctor when you are ill with persistent coughs or sneezing.
  • Don’t smoke, as the habit can lead to coughing that triggers a hernia.
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