GI & HPB Cancer

Best Cancer Surgeon in Surat

Gastrointestinal cancer

Refers to malignant conditions of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and accessory organs of digestion including the esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus. The symptoms relate to the organ affected and can include obstruction (leading to difficulty swallowing or defecating), abnormal bleeding or other associated problems.  Read and know in brief about cancer surgery and basic of Best Cancer Surgeon in Surat. The diagnosis often requires endoscopy, followed by biopsy of suspicious tissue. The treatment depends on the location of the tumour, as well as the type of cancer cell and whether it has invaded other tissues or spread elsewhere.

Overall, the GI tract and the accessory organs of digestion (pancreas, liver, gall bladder) are responsible for more cancers and more deaths from cancer than any other system in the body. There is significant geographic variation in the rates of different gastrointestinal cancers. 

Stomach cancer

Cancer of the stomach, also called gastric cancer, is the fourth-most-common type of cancer and the second-highest cause of cancer death globally. Important factors that may contribute to the development of gastric cancer include diet, smoking and alcohol consumption, genetic aspects (including a number of heritable syndromes) and infections (for example, helicobacter pylori or epstein barr virus).

Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is the sixth-most-common cancer in the world, and its incidence is increasing. Some three to five males are affected for each female. There are two main types of esophageal cancer—adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer of the esophagus is often detected late in as much as there are typically no early symptoms, late symptom is like difficulty in swallowing.

Small Bowel Cancer

Small intestine cancer is a rare disease where cells in the tissue of the small intestine change. They grow out of control and can form a mass, or tumour. If you have this type of cancer, tumour cells may block the small intestine.

There are five types of small intestine cancer:-

  • Adenocarcinomas: These make up an estimated 30% to 40% of cases. An adenocarcinoma starts in the lining of the small intestine. At first, it may look like a small, noncancerous growth called a polyp, but over time it can turn into cancer.
  • Sarcoma: Cancerous cells develop in the soft tissue of the small intestine.
  • Carcinoid tumors: These slow-growing cancers often take root in the lower section of the small intestine. They might also affect your appendix or rectum. These tumors give off large amounts of certain body chemicals, like serotonin.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs): This is a rare form of small intestine cancer. More than half of them start in the stomach. Not all GISTs are cancerous.
  • Intestinal lymphomas: A lymphoma is a cancer that starts in the lymph nodes. People who develop them often have a type of immunodeficiency disorder. That means your body’s natural defence system is weakened and may not fight infection and disease the way it should.

What Causes It, and Who’s at Risk?

There are several things can increase your chances of getting the disease:

  • How old you are (average age at diagnosis is 60)
  • Your sex (slightly higher risk in men)
  • Genetics (some disorders you’re born with raise the odds)
  • Smoking and alcohol use
  • High-fat diet
  • Living or working near large quantities of some chemicals, like phenoxyacetic acid
  • Other conditions that affect your gut, like Crohn’s, colon cancer, or celiac disease
  • Lymphedema (damage to the vessels that connect to the lymph nodes)

What are the symptoms of small intestine cancer?

Some of the more common symptoms of small intestine cancer are:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Yellowing of the skin and also the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Feeling unco weak or tired
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Losing weight while not attempting
  • Blood within the stool, which could seem red or black
  • Watery looseness of the bowels
  • Skin flushing

Is small intestine cancer curable?

Surgery is typically the main treatment for small intestine cancer. For some people, it might be the only treatment they need and is the only treatment that can cure a cancer of the small intestine.

Prevention

It’s not clear what could facilitate the chance of tiny intestine cancer, since it is very uncommon. If you are curious about reducing your risk of cancer generally, it’s going to facilitate to:

  • Eat a range of fruits, vegetables and whole grains: Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fibre and antioxidants, which can facilitate scale back your risk of cancer and different diseases. select a range of fruits associated with degreed vegetables so you get an array of vitamins and nutrients.
  • Drink alcohol sparsely, if at all: If you decide on to drink alcohol, limit the number of alcohol you drink to no over one drink daily for ladies of all ages and men older than age sixty five, and up to 2 drinks daily for men age sixty five and younger.
  • Stop smoking: Talk over with your doctor regarding ways in which to quit smoking which will work for you.
  • Exercise most days of the week: Try to get a minimum half an hour of exercise on most days. If you have been inactive, begin slowly and build up step by step to half-hour. Also, talk over with your doctor before beginning any exercise program.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: If you’re at a healthy weight, work to take care of your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise. If you wish to slim, raise your doctor regarding healthy ways in which to realize your goal. Aim to slim slowly by increasing the number of exercises you get and reducing the quantity of calories you eat.

Gall Bladder cancer

Cancer of the gall bladder is also rare. Nearly everyone with gallbladder cancer has gallstones. This cancer is more common among North Indians, people with large gallstones, and people with a extensive scarring of the gallbladder, which can occur in severe chronic cholecystitis. Polyps, which are noncancerous (benign) outgrowths of tissue, may develop in the gallbladder. They rarely cause symptoms or require treatment. They are found in about 5% of people during ultrasonography. Sometimes cancers can block the flow of bile, but most blockages are caused by gallstones. Noncancerous tumors in bile ducts also cause blockages. Dr Dhaval Mangukiya SIDS Hospital one of the best cancer surgeon in surat offering advanced GI & HPB Cancer Surgery with most success.

Symptoms


  • Worsening jaundice (yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of eyes)
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Itchiness
  • High fever
    The diagnosis is confirmed by imaging. Usually, ultrasonography is done followed by computed tomography (CT).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Treatment

 Most bile duct and gallbladder cancers are fatal, but treatment can help control symptoms. Tubes (stents) inserted into a duct allow bile to flow past the blockage. This procedure helps control pain and relieves itchiness. Surgery to remove a cancerous tumour is the best choice if in an earlier stage. If tumors have spread from other parts of the body (metastasized), chemotherapy may provide some symptom relief but does not dramatically improve survival. SIDS Hospital is performing one of the best cancer surgeons and most number of gall bladder cancer Surgery in Surat.


Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is the fifth-most-common cause of cancer deaths. The most significant risk factors for pancreatic cancer are advanced age (over 60) and smoking. chronic pancreatitis, diabetes or other conditions may also be involved in their development. Early pancreatic cancer does not tend to result in any symptom, but when a tumor is advanced, a patient may experience severe pain in the upper abdomen , possibly radiating to the back.[8] Another symptom might be jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and eyes.

Liver cancer

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.People get liver cancer (also called hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC or hepatoma) typically from a prolonged Hepatitis B or C infection or as a result of cirrhosis from chronic alcoholism. Liver cancer may bring about yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), itching (pruritus), or cause a build up of fluid in the abdomen (Ascites). A person may feel an enlarging mass, or the cancer might be revealed by abnormal liver function test. Options include Surgical resection, embolisation, ablation or liver transplant. For liver related Liver Surgery in Surat one can visit one of the best cancer surgeon at SIDS Hospital.

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